Spanish Flu Epidemic of 1918

The Daughters nursed during many epidemics in the United States, including cholera, yellow fever, and typhoid.  In late 1918, just as the First World War ended, returning soldiers brought the deadliest pandemic, the Spanish flu, to the United States.  The flu killed more people both globally and domestically than the Great War that preceded it.  The Daughters and their networks of schools and hospitals were not immune, and accounts of the epidemic have been preserved from their diaries, correspondence, board rooms, and provincial annals.

Annals of the Normandy Province, 1918

Annals of the Normandy Province, September 30, 1918
Annals of the Normandy Province, October 17, 1918

Telegram from Sister Theresa Houston to Mother Margaret O'Keefe

Telegram from Sister Theresa Huston to Mother Margaret O'Keefe

845 AM
44 Paid NL
Buffalo N.Y. Oct- 6/18
Mother Margaret
St Josephs Academy
Emmitsburg MD
May I go myself to fort Niagara to help with the epidemic cases I feel so well and everyone else either has been sick recently or is not fitted for that work it is so near and we might not have to be there long
Sister Theresa

Letter from Sister Fidelis Nagel to Mother Margaret O'Keefe

Sister Fidelus Nagel to Mother Margaret O'Keefe

Oct. 18. 1918
My dear Mother:-
The grace of our Lord be with us for ever!
The epidemic raged here with terrible violence, and many were the victims, among them friends, benefactors, and two of our graduate nurses, and one of our Male Nurses, and several are still in a very doubtful condition. Excepting Sister Clara The Sisters have been spared so far, although all are nervous, and almost exhausted from the over work and strain <<as soon as>> Sister Clara's temperature was down it was edifying to see her beg to be

Tent City at St. Paul's Hospital

Tent City set up for overflow flu cases at St. Paul's Hospital, Dallas, TX

Tent City at St. Paul's Hospital

Most of the overflow cases came from nearby Camp Dick, Dallas

One of the few photos of the Daughters nursing during the epidemic, at Carney Hospital, Boston, MA (Sister unknown)

Nursing during the flu epidemic

Instructions for Diagnosis and Treatment of Flu Cases
Carney Hospital, Boston, MA

Instructions for Diagnosis and Treatment of Flu Cases
Spanish Flu